Everything You Want To Know About Hapkido Training
Hapkido training is a dynamic form of Korean martial arts. The method employs primitive attacks as well as joint locks to be used only as a weapon of self-defense. The use of traditional weapons is also present such as a rope, sword, cane, nunchucks, staff and short stick. This intense training is full of close and long-range techniques including hand strikes, kicking, joint locks, pressure point strikes and throws.
Proper Hapkido training includes balance and control with a generous supply of footwork. It is a comprehensive system that uses a myriad of intricate techniques to subtle and disable your opponent. It also uses pressure points to create pain or manipulate a joint. This is meant to be learned solely for self-defense, not for fighting.
Hapkido training uses an abundance of hand strikes, punches and elbow strikes. These are usually used to weaken your opponent before you engage in a finishing technique such as a throw or a joint lock. Hand striking can get brutal in this fighting method as pulling at your opponent's genitals and striking the eyes and throat of your opponent with your fingernails is permitted.
The kicking elements are what makes Hapkido training so notably Korean. Sweeping, spinning and hooking kicks are all permitted to the lower and upper body. Also, a series of double kicks is often performed to promote coordination, muscular control and balance.
Other types of kicks used in Hapkido training are front kick, side kick, back kick, roundhouse kick, hook kick, inverted low side kick, inside and outside crescent kick, ankle scoop kick, cover kick, high spinning kick, inside foot blade kick, low spinning kick and outside heel down kick.
The joint manipulation techniques target wrists, fingers, toes, ankles, jaw, elbows, neck, shoulders, knees, hips and back. It involves applying a lot of force to a joint in the same direction that it naturally moves and then making it overextend. These techniques cause a substantial amount of pain and allows you to gain control over your opponent to break or dislocate the joint by using a throw.
A big part of Hapkido training involves throwing. Some of the techniques such as hold downs and chokes were adopted from Judo but tweaked to keep with the motto of self-defense. While many of the Judo throws use traditional Judo grips, Hapkido relies on grabbing the neck, limb or head.
Students in Hapkido training advance through a few different belt levels, similar to taekwondo, learning how to defend against and also to use many weapons. The knife is the most popular weapon followed by a police baton, a cane, rope, sword, long staff, nunchucks and even firearms.
While Hapkido training methods vary, sessions typically consist of break falling, defensive throws, sparring and meditation. It is important to use the meditation time to develop energy internally. This is a very demanding training method that requires you to be lean and muscular. Below are the requirements for each level of Black Belt.
- 1st Degree Black Belt – Wrist seize defense, single kicks, punch defense, clothing seize defense, kick defense, punch defense, jumping kicks, combo kicks, knife defense, throw defense and attacking techniques.
- 2nd Degree Black Belt – Lying or sitting posture defense, special kicks, advanced attacking techniques, choke defense, advanced kick defense, advanced punch defense, advanced clothing grab defense and advanced wrist grab defense.
- 3rd Degree Black Belt – Staff techniques, joint locking counters and short stick techniques.
- 4th Degree Black Belt- Sword techniques, cane techniques and multiple attacker defense.
- 5th Degree Black Belt – Rope techniques, revival techniques and knife throwing techniques.